Winston-Salem was founded as Salem in 1766 and later consolidated in 1913. Winston-Salem is located in North Carolina and the nearest major cities are Greensboro and High Point. The city has an area of 132.4 square miles. The summer can be very hot and humid in Winston-Salem. On the other hand, the winters are cool and moderately cold. The winter lows range from 28 degrees to 67 degrees and the highs range from 51 degrees to 89 degrees.